MLA Works Cited

Works Cited Guide

Based on MLA Handbook Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association, 2009.

General format instructions for a Works Cited page:

  • Works Cited pages must be separate from the rest of the paper.
  • Title the page Works Cited. Do not bold or underline the title or put it in quotes. Use font size 12.
  • All lines must be double spaced; use one space only after any punctuation marks (see first entry).
  • If an entry is longer than a single line, each subsequent line should be indented five spaces.
  • Entries are listed in alphabetical order.
  • Determine the medium of publication and include it.

Below is a guide to the most frequently used entries:

Type of Entry

Works Cited Form

Print Sources:

Book–One Author Kraus, Michael. The United States to 1865. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1959. Print.
Book–More than One Author or Editor Bondanella, Peter, and Julia Conaway Bondanella, eds. Dictionary of Italian Literature. Westport: Greenwood, 1979. Print.
Anonymous Author (Periodical example) “Portents for Future Learning.” Time 21 Sept. 1981: 65. Print.
Two or More Books by the Same Author Lanham, Richard A. Literacy and the Survival of Humanism.  New Haven: Yale UP, 1983. Print.—. Style: An Anti-Textbook. New Haven: Yale UP, 1974. Print.
Work in an Anthology or Collection of Essays Lazard, Naomi. “In Answer to Your Query.” The Norton Book of Light Verse. Ed. Russell Baker. New York: Norton, 1986. 52-53. Print.
Encyclopedia –Include author if known as per other examples “Portsmouth, Treaty of.” Columbia Encyclopedia. 1975 ed. Print.(It is not necessary to specify volume or page number.)
Review Kirk, Ruth. “White on White on White.” Rev. of The Ice: A Journey to Antarctica, by Stephen J. Pyne. New York Times Book Review 11 Jan. 1987: 11- 12. Print.
Article Whose Title Contains a Quotation or a Title Within a Quotation Carpenter, Lynette. “The Daring Gift in Ellen Glasgow’s ‘Dare’s Gift.”‘ Studies in Short Fiction 21 (1984): 95-102. Print.
Article from Scholarly Journal Spear, Karen. “Building Cognitive Skills in Basic Writers.” Teaching English in the Two Year College 9 (1983): 91-98. Print.
Article from Magazine Kanfer, Stefan. “Heard Any Good Books Lately?” Time 21 July 1986: 71. Print.
Signed Article from Newspaper Kalette, Denise. “California Town Counts Down to Big Quake.”  Post and Courier [Charleston, SC] 21 July 1986: A23. Print.
Editorial Elections in Rhodesia.” Editorial. San Francisco Chronicle 5 Mar. 1980: 64. Print.
Cartoon Trudeau, Garry. “Doonesbury.” Cartoon. Star-Ledger. [Newark, NJ] 27 May 1987: 25. Print.
Pamphlet or Brochure United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Tomorrow’s Manpower Needs. Washington: GPO, 1973. Print.

Non-Text Sources:

Interview Young, Mary W. Personal interview. 22 Oct. 2000.
Movie or Documentary The Empire Strikes Back. Dir. George Lucas. Twentieth Century Fox, 1980. Film.
TV or Radio Program “Latch-Key Kids.” Hour Magazine. CBS. KIRO, Seattle. 15 Nov. 1983. Television.
Piece of Art Goya, Franciso. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo de Prado, Madrid.
Piece of Music Beethoven, Ludwig van. Symphonie no. 7 in A, op. 92. Perf. NBC Symphony Orchestra. Cond. Arturo Toscanini. RCA, 2003. CD.

Electronic Sources: 

Entire Website   Smith, Charles. Space Walk Web Page. 21 Aug 2005. Web. 10 Sept. 2006.

Explanation of the parts: Author. Name of site. Version information if available. Medium of publication. Day Month Year of access.

Page from a Website “How to Make Vegetarian Chili.” eHow, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2008.

Explanation of the parts: Author. “Title of page.” Website title. Publisher, Date of Publication. Medium of publication. Date of Access.

A Work from an Online Subscription Database  Fox, Justin. “What in the World Happened to Economics?” Fortune 15 Mar. 1999: 90-102. ABI/INFORM Global. Proquest. Web. 2 Mar. 1999.

Explanation of the parts: Author’s Name. “Article Title.” Periodical Title Date: Page(s). Name of Database. Name of Service. Medium of Publication. Day Month Year of access.

The following websites contain information on citing electronic sources:

The Owl at Purdue

Oregon School Library Information System


Citation Machine

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